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븳怨듦났쓽븰쉶 20뀈궗 (2000~2020 Years)
븳怨듦났쓽븰쉶 怨쇨굅, 쁽옱, 誘몃옒

븳怨듦났쓽븰쉶 怨쇨굅, 쁽옱, 誘몃옒

湲곌퀬臾 | 븳怨듦났쓽븰쉶뿉 諛붾떎

20뀈쓽 쉶怨좎 20뀈쓽 誘몃옒 룄쟾쓣 쐞븯뿬

씠醫낃뎄 븳怨듦났쓽븰쉶 젣9 쉶옣 꽌슱븰援 쓽怨쇰븰 援먯닔 湲濡쒕쾶 蹂닿굔븞蹂대궗

삱빐泥섎읆 슦由щ굹씪쓽 怨듭쨷蹂닿굔쓽 吏꾧瑜 蹂댁씤 쟻 뾾쓣 寃껋씠떎. 꽭怨꾩쟻씤 떊醫낃컧뿼蹂묒쓽 쑀뻾 誘쇨컙 삎蹂묒썝쓽 泥⑤떒 怨쇳븰뿉 湲곕컲븳 湲곗닠쟻 슦쐞濡 씤븯뿬 怨듭쨷蹂닿굔쓽 媛移섎 븳뾾씠 옉寃 留뚮뱾뿀뜕 떆젅쓣 뮘룎븘蹂댁 븡븘룄 맆 留뚰겮 뾼泥궃 뙆옣쓣 遺덈윭씪쑝궎怨 엳떎. 蹂닿굔냼媛 뾾뿀쑝硫, 怨듦났쓽猷뚭린愿씠 뾾뿀떎硫 씠 옱궃쓣 洹밸났븯吏 紐삵뻽쓣 寃껋씠 寃껋씤 옄紐낇븯떎. 肄붾줈굹19뒗 쁆ame Changer숇줈 꽭긽쓣 諛붽씀뼱 굹媛怨 엳떎. 20뀈 媛源뚯씠 怨듦났쓽猷 遺꾩빞쓽 꽑援ъ옄뱾 끂젰뿉 옒엯뼱 珥덇린 꽦怨듭쓣 씠猷 寃껋쓣 UN 씤瑜섏쓽 吏냽諛쒖쟾媛뒫紐⑺몴(Sustainable Development Goal, 씠븯 SDG) 蹂닿퀬꽌뿉 굹삱 젙룄濡 씤젙쓣 諛쏄퀬 엳吏留 씠뿉 븞二쇳븷 닔 뾾쓣 寃껋씠떎. 理쒗썑쓽 듅옄뒗 궡뀈쓣 吏굹 쑀뻾뿉 泥섑븳 꽦쟻몴瑜 諛쏆븘 蹂닿퀬 寃곗젙맆 寃껋씠떎. 洹몃읆뿉룄 씠 湲고쉶瑜 鍮뚮젮 븵쑝濡쒖쓽 20뀈쓣 깮媛곹븯뒗 寃껋 븘슂븷 寃껋씠떎. 삉븳, 蹂닿굔 湲곕낯 씤沅(the fundamental human right to health)쑝濡 吏궃 20뀈쓣 뮘룎븘蹂댁옄. 씤援ъ쭛떒뿉 湲곕컲븳 怨듭쨷蹂닿굔븰쟻 젒洹쇰낫떎 궗쉶 젙쓽瑜 떖꽦븯뒗 뜲 以묒슂븳 媛移섏씠湲곗뿉 媛쒕퀎쟻 媛쒖씤 꽌鍮꾩뒪蹂대떎뒗 씤援ъ쭛떒쓽 嫄닿컯쓣 쐞븳 븘닔 怨듭쨷蹂닿굔꽌鍮꾩뒪 젣怨듭뿉 븳 끂젰, 냽뼱珥 痍⑥빟怨꾩링쓽 蹂댄렪쟻 쓽猷뚮낫옣쓣 쐞븳 끂젰, 蹂닿굔쓽猷뚯쓽 궗쉶쟻 寃곗젙슂씤뿉 븳 젒洹 끂젰씠 愿젏뿉꽌 꽦怨듦낵 룄쟾怨쇱젣瑜 깮媛곹빐蹂댁옄.

슦꽑 슦由ъ쓽 蹂닿굔냼뒗 븘닔 怨듭쨷蹂닿굔 꽌鍮꾩뒪 젣怨듭쓣 쐞븯뿬 1946뀈뿉 留뚮뱾뼱 1956뀈 踰뺤젣솕릺뿀怨 1962뀈 씠썑 吏湲덉쓽 떆쨌援쨌援 泥닿퀎濡 젙李⑸릺뿀떎. 1995뀈 吏諛⑹옄移섍 떆옉릺硫댁꽌 吏뿭 蹂닿굔踰뺤쑝濡 媛쒗렪맂 蹂닿굔냼뒗 쟻씤 쁽솕 븿猿 湲곌踰뺤씠 븘땶 궗뾽踰뺤쑝濡 媛쒗렪쓣 異붿쭊븯떎. 1979뀈 섍뎅誘쇰낫嫄댁쓣 쐞븳 듅蹂꾩“移섎쾿숈뿉 쓽빐꽌 蹂닿굔냼뒗 쁇ealth for All숈쓣 떖꽦븯湲 쐞븯뿬 븘닔 섍났以묐낫嫄댁꽌鍮꾩뒪 젣怨듈숆낵 븿猿 굺썑맂 냽뼱珥 吏뿭쓽 섎낫렪쟻쓽猷뚮낫옣(Universal Health Coverage, 씠븯 UHC)숈쓣 떖꽦븯湲 쐞븳 섏씪李⑤낫嫄댁쓽猷 궗뾽숈쓣 닔뻾씠씪뒗 몢 媛吏 뿭븷쓣 떞떦븯뒗 湲곌쑝濡 옄由щ 옟븯떎. 2019뀈 씪李⑤낫嫄댁쓽猷 40뀈쓣 怨꾧린濡 SDG 3.8쓽 닔떒쑝濡 옄由 옟 UHC쓽 씪李⑤낫嫄댁쓽猷뚮뒗 洹 以묒떖뿉 蹂닿굔냼 吏諛⑷났궗쓽猷뚯썝씠 엳뿀떎. 蹂닿굔吏냼, 蹂닿굔吏꾨즺냼뒗 洹 븯遺 湲곌쑝濡 以묒텛쟻 뿭븷쓣 떞떦븯떎. 슦由ъ쓽 怨듦났쓽猷뚮뒗 援誘쇱쓽猷뚯쓽 洹좎젏솕 삎룊꽦 젣怨좎뿉 留롮 끂젰쓣 빐솕怨 븵쑝濡쒕룄 씠瑜 옒 씠걣뼱媛 寃껋쑝濡 湲곕븯怨 엳떎. 洹몃윭굹 怨듭쨷蹂닿굔쓽궗 쓽猷뚯씤젰쓽 吏냽쟻 솗蹂, 吏 넂 꽌鍮꾩뒪뿉 븳 援誘쇰뱾쓽 슂援ъ뿉꽌 븳怨꾧 엳쑝硫, 떆꽕쓽 吏뿭쟻 遺덇퇏삎 遺꾪룷뒗 뿬쟾엳 슦由ш 빐寃고빐빞 븷 怨쇱젣씠떎. 肄붾줈굹19 쑀뻾 씠뿉 븳 쁺떊쟻 梨 留덈젴쓽 怨꾧린媛 릺怨 엳떎.

몢 踰덉㎏濡 슦由щ굹씪쓽 룊洹좎닔紐낃낵 궗留앸쪧씠 吏㏃ 湲곌컙 븞뿉 쉷湲곗쟻쑝濡 궙븘吏 寃껋 蹂닿굔냼留앹쓣 넻븳 븘닔 怨듭쨷蹂닿굔꽌鍮꾩뒪 뜒遺꾩씠뿀떎. 紐⑥옄蹂닿굔, 삁諛⑹젒醫, 媛議깃퀎쉷, 寃고빑愿由, 湲곗깮異⑷由 벑 二쇱슂 닔吏곸쟻 蹂닿굔궗뾽 媛 삊쉶議곗쭅怨 以묒븰젙遺뿉 쓽빐꽌 媛뺣젰엳 異붿쭊릺뿀떎. 1995뀈 吏뿭蹂닿굔踰뺤 蹂닿굔냼쓽 씠 媛숈 꽦怨듭뿉 옒엯뼱 깉濡쒖슫 蹂닿굔 슂援ъ씤 떊醫낃컧뿼蹂, 젙떊蹂닿굔, 븫愿由, 嫄닿컯利앹쭊, 떖뇤삁愿愿由, 끂씤蹂닿굔, 嫄닿컯寃吏 벑쓽 븘닔湲곕뒫씠 젙李⑸릺룄濡 슦由 븰쉶뒗 蹂솕뿉 쟻洹뱀쟻씠뿀떎. 洹몃읆뿉룄 깉濡쒖슫 蹂닿굔궗뾽 씤봽씪쓽 援ъ텞 留ㅼ슦 젣븳쟻씠뿀떎. 利앷굅以묒떖쓽 젙梨낆쓣 二쇱옣븿뿉룄 媛곸쥌 湲됀룸쭔꽦 吏덊솚, 긽빐, 뻾깭쓽 媛먯떆(surveillance), 議곗궗(survey) 룊媛, 洹몃━怨 怨듭쨷蹂닿굔떎뿕떎(laboratory)쓽 씤봽씪 援ъ텞 뜑뵒怨 遺덉땐遺꾪븯硫 吏 愿由ъ 씤젰 솗蹂대뒗 뿬쟾엳 誘명씉븳 긽솴씠떎. 誘멸뎅 쓽븰븳由쇱썝(Institute of Medicine, 씠븯 IOM) 怨듭쨷蹂닿굔쓽 10 븘닔湲곕뒫쓣 룊媛(assessment), 젙梨낃컻諛(policy development), 蹂댁쬆(assurance)쓽 3媛 遺꾩빞濡 젙쓽븳 諛 엳뿀쑝굹 2020뀈 9썡 깉濡寃 蹂댁씤 10 븘닔湲곕뒫 怨듭쨷蹂닿굔쓽 씤봽씪 援ъ텞怨 洹좊벑븳 젒洹쇱꽦쓣 媛뺤“븯怨 紐⑤뱺 꽌鍮꾩뒪쓽 以묒떖뿉 삎룊꽦(equity)쓣 뜑슧 媛뺤“븯怨 엳떎. 씠뒗 肄붾줈굹19 쑀뻾쓣 怨꾧린濡 怨듭쨷蹂닿굔쟻 젒洹쇱쓽 以묒슂꽦씠 뵾젰맂 寃껋쑝濡 뿭븰議곗궗, contact tracing, 꽑蹂꾧궗 벑 肄붾줈굹19 쓳 怨쇱젙뿉꽌 怨듭쨷蹂닿굔 떎뿕떎 湲곕뒫 媛뺥솕, 씤젰 遺議깃낵 吏 愿由ш 젣湲곕릺뼱 씠瑜 援ъ껜쟻쑝濡 떞븘궪 洹몃쫯쑝濡 怨듭쨷蹂닿굔궗뾽踰뺤쓽 븘슂꽦씠 젣湲곕릺怨 엳떎.

留덉留됱쑝濡 蹂닿굔쓽猷뚯쓽 젙쓽瑜 떎泥쒗빐삩 슦由ъ쓽 끂젰 以 궗쉶쟻 寃곗젙슂씤뿉 븳 젒洹쇱 留ㅼ슦 젣븳쟻씠뿀떎. 吏궃궇 젅 鍮덇낀怨 씪옄由 遺議깆쓣 援먯쑁쑝濡 洹밸났븯뿬 寃쎌젣꽦옣쓣 씠猷⑤㈃꽌 臾명솕 궗쉶 援ъ“媛 二쇱슂 嫄닿컯 寃곗젙슂씤엫뿉룄 遺덇뎄븯怨 씠뿉 븳 젒洹쇱쓣 벑븳떆븯떎. 留뚯꽦吏덊솚쓽 쑀뻾 梨낆씤 援誘쇨굔媛뺤쬆吏꾨쾿 蹂닿굔蹂듭遺쓽 젙梨 쓽吏 寃곗뿬 렪삊꽦쑝濡 嫄닿컯쓽 떎뼇븳 젒洹쇱쓣 臾댁떆븯떎. 洹몃굹留 吏諛⑹옄移섏쓽 寃쏀뿕씠 뙎씠硫댁꽌 꽑嫄곗 李몄뿬瑜 넻븳 臾몄젣 빐寃곗쓽 寃쏀뿕뱾씠 紐⑥븘吏怨 엳떎. 醫낇빀뻾젙씤 吏諛⑹젙遺媛 삤엳젮 삊젰怨 議곗젙쓣 넻븯뿬 섎え뱺 젙梨낆뿉 嫄닿컯쓣(Health in All Policy, 씠븯 HiAP) 젒洹쇱쓣 븯怨 엳떎. 痍⑥빟怨꾩링뿉 븳 蹂댄샇, 援먯쑁쁽옣쓽 嫄닿컯 援먯쑁, 嫄닿컯븳 떇뭹 꽠痍, 湲곗삤뿼怨 룄떆솕, 洹쇰줈議곌굔怨 씪꽣, 궛뾽 援ъ“ 嫄닿컯, 솚寃 蹂솕 嫄닿컯 벑 嫄닿컯 愿젴맂 紐⑤뱺 遺꾩빞쓽 뿭븷怨 뿭웾씠 吏諛⑹젙遺뿉꽌 而ㅼ怨 엳떎. 洹 以묒떖뿉 怨듦났쓽猷뚮 떞떦븯뒗 궗엺怨 議곗쭅뱾씠 엳떎. 듅엳 씠뱾 吏뿭궗쉶쓽 紐⑤뱺 援ъ꽦썝怨 떆꽕-蹂닿굔쓽猷 愿젴 븰, 蹂뫢룹쓽썝怨 嫄닿컯蹂댄뿕怨듬떒, 洹몃━怨 吏곸옣, 吏뿭 뼵濡, 援먰쉶쨌젅 벑 醫낃탳, 媛곸쥌 궗쉶泥댁쑁, 옄썝遊됱궗 떒泥, 移쒕ぉ떒泥 벑쓣 留앸씪븯硫 吏뿭 嫄닿컯怨듬룞泥, 吏뿭 룎遊꾩껜怨 援ъ텞뿉 늻援щ낫떎 븵옣꽌怨 엳떎.

븰쉶媛 븷 씪 씠 媛숈 遺꾩빞瑜 옄猷뚮 紐⑥쑝怨 遺꾩꽍빐꽌 븰臾몄쟻 二쇱옣쓣 꽌뒾吏 留먯븘빞 븷 寃껋씠떎. 삉븳, 슦由ъ쓽 寃쏀뿕쓣 쟾 꽭怨꾩 굹늻뒗 씪붿쨷쨌냼뱷援媛瑜 룙怨 蹂닿굔쓽猷뚯쓽 젙쓽瑜 떎泥쒗븯뒗 씪붿뿉 룞李명븯뒗 寃 삉븳 以묒슂븳 씪엫뿉 由쇱뾾떎. 떆瑜섏뿉 렪듅븳 怨듯뿀븳 쇅移⑤낫떎 븰닠 솢룞쓣 넻븯뿬 怨듦컧븯怨 媛숈씠 媛뒗 궗엺쓣 留롮씠 留뚮뱶뒗 寃껋씠 뜑 以묒슂븯怨 씠瑜 넻븯뿬 젙쓽濡쒖怨 怨듭젙븿씠 怨듦났쓽猷뚯쓽 以묒슂꽦쑝濡 遺媛곷릺룄濡 빐빞 븷 寃껋씠떎.


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